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Inside this Issue

Earlier issues of Cadmus Journal have explored new ideas and strategies for addressing the multiple  challenges confronting global society today in the fields of economics, ecology, governance, security, society and culture. Read More

Inside this Issue

Education is the premier instrument for conscious social evolution.
This issue explores the need and the opportunity for revolutionary advances in higher education. Various aspects of this topic are examined in articles by Ashok Natarajan, Ismail Serageldin, Janani Harish, Orio Giarini and Mircea Malitza, and in the report on the World Academy’s Forum on Global Higher Education conducted by WAAS at the University of California at Berkeley on October 2-3, 2013, “Reflections on the Future of Global Higher Education.”
This issue of Cadmus also continues the Academy’s exploration of a New Paradigm for Human Development. It includes contributions by Jonathan Granoff, Federico Mayor, Alexander Likhotal, F. J. Radermacher, Agni Vlavianos Arvanitis, Michael Marien, Suleika Reiners, Winston Nagan, Marc Finaud and Des Browne relating to democracy, economy, ecology, employment, finance, cooperative security, global governance and rule of law presented and discussed during recent WAAS events at the United Nations in Geneva, Library of Alexandria, Washington DC and Ottawa. A new paradigm requires a new theoretical framework based on new ways of thinking. Articles in this issue by Raoul Weiler, Jüri Engelbrecht, Roberto Poli and Orio Giarini explore the emerging Sciences of Networking and Complexity as well as new insights into the creative role of uncertainty in social evolution. We hope you enjoy the issue.

Human Centered Development Perspective: Insights from Trieste

The Trieste Forum in March 2013 marked a significant milestone in the effort of the World Academy to evolve a comprehensive, integrated, transdisciplinary perspective for addressing global challenges. An initial presentation on the physics of Dark Matter aptly illustrated the need for new thinking in the social sciences. If the most mathematically rigo- rous of physical sciences is compelled to postulate the existence of an unknown, invisible substance and energy representing 96% of the total matter and energy in the universe, how much more true is it that the fundamental factors responsible for the development of society are subtle, imperceptible to the senses and beyond comprehension by the present concepts of social science. In comparison to Dark Energy and Matter, the magnitude and complexity of Human Capital might well be likened to an infinite number of parallel universes (multiverse). Read More

Economic Crisis and the Science of Economics

The American subprime mortgage crisis, the international financial crisis that followed and the European financial crisis presently centered on Greece are all expressions of a deeper and wider crisis that has been preparing to surface for decades. This crisis encompasses not only government fiscal deficits, exchange rates and financial markets but spreads out in concentric circles of rising unemployment, growing economic inequality and environmental devastation which now threaten to undermine the very fabric of the world economy. The sources of that crisis are no more difficult to identify than the sources of the American and French Revolution. Their origin can be traced from the mechanization of production during the industrial revolution to the computerization of financial markets in recent decades, but the heart of the crisis is neither machines nor intelligent systems. The real crisis is a crisis of thought, a poverty of ideas, a world view justified by specious formulas disguised as scientific theory, based on the fallacious conception that the infinite complexity of social life can be measured and mapped mathematically and the misguided faith in the benevolent wisdom of the unregulated market place, a fallacy which would have made Adam Smith cry laughing. The real problem is nothing more than ideological ignorance and narrowly selfish self-interest run amuck. The world does not suffer from poverty or shortages. Like the European church at the time of Copernicus, it suffers from insistence on dead conventional feudal conceptions and beliefs that are out of tune with our times. Read More

The Great Divorce: Finance and Economy

Social networking did not begin with the Internet. It is as old as human history. For what we now call social networking is really the evolution of human relationships which constitute the backbone of civilization. The emergence of the Internet is the third giant leap forward in a saga that began with the development of symbolic spoken language, the first great instrument that enabled human beings to evolve beyond their animal ancestry. Second came the invention of money as a symbol of value. Language connects people and facilitates the exchange of information, emotions and ideas. Money connects activities and events, facilitating the exchange of goods, services, property and anything else of social value. The progress of humanity over the past two millennia would have been inconceivable without this remarkable invention. But like all human inventions, money has a downside which arises from the inevitable tendency of we human beings to bind ourselves to the wheel of our own triumphant machinery and be conquered by our apparatus. Read More

Great Transformations

Great landmarks of history are few and far between. Normally they are recognized by scholars only long after the fact. Those in the thick of the fray may often be consciously inspired by the significance of their actions, but rarely does history come to share that perception. The rise of individualism in ancient Greece, its revival during the Italian Renaissance and the radical transformation of society following American, French and Industrial Revolutions retain a claim to lasting significance. Could it be that we are now on the cusp of another? Read More

Inside this Issue

Cadmus Journal has been launched to promote leadership in thought that leads to action. The first issue focused on wealth and welfare and concluded that a paradigm change is necessary – a change as profound as the paradigm change in physical sciences at the beginning of the 20th century and much more profound than the Copernican paradigm change. Read More