Cadmus

Taming Global Governance Idea Chaos: A “Frontier Frame” for Recent Books

3. World Economy
The most significant and immediate global problem is the Great Recession, which has led to scores of books calling for more financial regulation at the national and/or global levels. Running the World’s Markets: The Governance of Financial Infrastructure by Ruben Lee of the Oxford Finance Group laments that there is little global consensus about governance and offers guidelines for an optimal governance model.32 The Politics of Global Regulation edited by Walter Mattli of University of Oxford and Ngarie Woods of the Oxford Global Economic Governance Programme shows challenges of a global economy where many institutions are less transparent and held much less accountable than domestic counterparts.33 CIGI’09: Towards a Global New Deal by Manmohan Agarwal and Agata Antkiewicz of CIGI summarizes an Oct 2009 conference on the need for greater regulation, transparency, and macro-coordination.34 Reforming the International Financial System for Development, edited by Jomo Kwame Sundaram of the UN, a report prepared for the G24 research program, provides a blueprint for a new global banking model and reserve.35 The UN’s Trade and Development Report 2011 makes proposals for reforming the international monetary and financial system, as well as commodity markets.36 Global Leadership in Transition: Making the G20 More Effective and Responsive edited by Colin I. Bradford of Brookings and CIGI, and Wonhyuk Lim of the Korea Development Institute considers ways to consolidate the G20 to become the “premier forum for international economic cooperation.”37
Dozens of books have been published in critique of the World Bank, IMF, and/or the WTO. Recent additions include Reforming the World Bank: Twenty Years of Trial—and Error by David A. Phillips, who offers a governance agenda toward real reform, and Rescuing the World Bank: A CGD Working Group Report edited by CGD president Nancy Birdsell, on reforming governance and the need for a Global Public Goods Trust Fund.38, 39 Governing the World Trade Organization edited by Thomas Cottier and Manfred Elsig maps various pathways to reform, from small steps to radical overhaul for
a new global political economy.40 In The Globalization Paradox: Democracy and the Future of the World Economy, Dani Rodrik of Harvard University questions the benefits of the stalled Doha Round, and even whether global governance of the economy is feasible or desirable: “the global governance option is a dead end for the vast majority of nations.”41
Rodrik calls for a new narrative to open the next stage of globalization, seven principles for a new globalization, and minimal guidelines for a new global financial system, while pointing to labor markets as the unexploited frontier of globalization.

4. Climate/Environment
Climate change is widely seen as the most significant long-term global problem at present. And many books urge action at global, national, and local levels. The Global Deal: Climate Change and the Creation of a New Era of Progress and Prosperity by Sir Nicholas Stern of the London School of Economics, is a popularized version of The Economics of Climate Change: The Stern Review, a thorough independent review reporting to the UK Prime Minister, viewing climate change as “the greatest market failure the world has ever seen” and calling for action by all countries—the earlier the less costly.42, 43 A similar argument is made by OECD in Costs of Inaction on Key Environmental Challenges, and in The Economics of Climate Change Mitigation: Policies and Options for Global Action.44, 45 Economic Choices in a Warming World by Christian de Perthuis of University Paris-Dauphine explains the difficulties of reaching global agreement, risks of inaction, and how a post-Kyoto climate regime could emerge.46
Managing Institutional Complexity: Regime Interplay and Global Environmental Change edited by Sebastian Oberthur and Oclav Schram Stokke, the product of the International Dimensions of Global Environmental Change research project, offers perspectives on managing institutional interaction to improve synergy and avoid disruption.47
Institutional Dynamics: Emergent Patterns in International Environmental Governance by Oran R. Young of UC-Santa Barbara provides five case studies of environmental regimes hat exemplify emerging patterns.48
Discontent with the lack of progress is reflected in Global Warming Gridlock: Creating More Effective Strategies for Protecting the Planet by David G. Victor of UC-San Diego, who argues that, rather than engaging the whole world at once, a much better approach would be small groups of “climate clubs” where countries band together and entice the less willing.49 Similarly, Fast Forward: Ethics and Politics in the Age of Global Warming by Brookings managing director William Antholis and Brookings president Strobe Talbott states that the world cannot wait for a binding global treaty, and that the “Big Four” (US, EU, China, India) must lead the way forward.50
Two updated textbooks supply an introductory overview. Global Environmental Politics by Pamela S. Chasek of Manhattan College et al., describes environmental regimes and their effectiveness, linkages between environmental politics and development, and the growing role of environment in global security.51 Green Planet Blues: Four Decades of Global Environmental Politics edited by Ken Conca of University of Maryland Harrison Program on the Future Global Agenda and Geoffrey D. Dabelko of the Woodrow Wilson Center collects essays on the structure of the international system, environmental governance institutions, transnational activist networks, etc.52
The Future of International Environmental Law edited by David Leary of University of New South Wales and Balakrishna Pisupati of UNEP examines successes and failures of environmental law in the context of an ever-worsening crisis, and argues that future responses will be more about good environmental governance than just more treaties and laws.53 The Art and Craft of International Environmental Law by Daniel Bodansky of University of Georgia describes how environmental problems get on the international agenda, how environmental law develops, and how law can address obstacles to international cooperation.54 Climate Finance: Regulatory and Funding Strategies for Climate Change and Global Development edited by Richard B. Stewart et al. of NYU points to the enormous amounts of public and private investment needed to limit emissions, which requires national and global regulation of cap-and-trade and offset markets, forest and energy policy, international development funding and trade, and coordinated tax policy.55 Similarly, with an even stronger voice, Global Corruption Report: Climate Change by Transparency International warns
that efforts to address climate change will have a huge price of hundreds of billions of dollars flowing through new and relatively uncoordinated channels; “a dramatic strengthening of
governance mechanisms can reduce corruption risk and make climate change policy more effective.”56

5. Security
Security is at or near the top of global concerns, recently expanding to include terrorism, climate change, and the UN-promoted notion of “human security.” Threats to security by any definition are expanding, and no writer has argued the contrary. Power and Responsibility: Building International Order in an Era of Transnational Threats by Bruce Jones of the NYU Center for International Cooperation et al. warns that the post-WWII fabric of global security does not meet today’s challenges, and proposes a new concept of “responsible sovereignty,” new commitments to rule-based international order, an Inter-Governmental Panel on Biological Security, a new climate change framework, global economic security, etc.57 Securing Freedom in the Global Commons by Scott Jasper of the Naval Postgraduate School points to an ever-expanding range of threats to global security and defense of the global commons as a growing challenge, and offers frameworks to minimize vulnerabilities.58
Enhancing International Preventive Action: Council Special Report by Paul B. Stares and Micah Zenko of CFR argues that, with its military overstretched and huge fiscal pressures mounting, the US will find it necessary to work with multilateral organizations and regional organizations. The book offers proposals for how the US can strengthen the global architecture for preventive action.59 Global Security Engagement: A New Model for Cooperative Threat Reduction by the US National Academy of Sciences states that cooperative threat reduction programs must be expanded and redesigned to meet new security challenges.60
The Challenge of Abolishing Nuclear Weapons edited by David Krieger of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation argues that the irrational status quo cannot be sustained and focuses on the role of international law in furthering abolition and post-abolition issues involving state sovereignty.61 Strengthening the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime by CFR’s Paul Lettow exposes flaws of the 40-year-old NPT (now “under severe strain”) and proposes a comprehensive strategy for the US, restricting the spread of dual-use technologies and strengthening the ability to detect and respond to noncompliance.62 Often overlooked is the vexing problem of smaller weapons, covered in Small Arms, Crime, and Conflict: Global Governance and the Threat of Armed Violence edited by Owen Greene and Nic March, on the nexus between arms availability and armed violence, costs of gun violence, governing small arms and light weapons (SALW), restructuring production of SALW, and issues of governance and control.63 Beyond Market Forces: Regulating the Global Security Industry by James Cockayne of the International Peace Institute et al., focuses on the increasingly visible role of private military and security companies, and the need for an adequate regulatory framework.64
Other specific security topics include the R2P concept, globalized crime and crime control, and cybersecurity. International Authority and the Responsibility to Protect by Anne Orford of the University of Melbourne describes evolution of the R2P idea since 2001, and attempts to ground authority on the capacity to guarantee security.65 Crime and the Global Political Economy edited by H. Richard Friman of Marquette University focuses on the internationalization of crime control, sovereignty of the offshore world, illicit commerce in peripheral states, human trafficking, Mexican drug trafficking, and global finance in the war on terror.66 Corruption, Global Security, and World Order, edited by World Peace Foundation president Robert I. Rotberg of Harvard, views corruption, criminals, and criminalized states as a threat to global security, and calls for new sanctions and tougher punishments.67 Promoting Cybersecurity through Internet Governance by CFR’s Robert K. Knake urges the US to promote its vision for a secure Internet as part of national security interests, and expanding the number of countries that are party to the Convention on Cybercrime.68 Networks and States: The Global Politics of Internet Governance by Milton L. Mueller of Syracuse University discusses the Internet as a source of conflict in international relations and a challenge to state sovereignty, new transnational institutions for Internet governance, formation of the Internet Governance Forum, and the rise of nationallevel Internet control and security concerns.69


32. Princeton University Press, Jan 2011, 416p
33. Princeton University Press, June 2009, 288p
34. Centre for International Governance Innovation, Jan 2010, 12p
35. Columbia University Press, Jan 2011, 320p
36. Center for Global Development, Sept 2011, 200p
37. Brookings/KDI, May 2011, 300p
38. Cambridge University Press, March 2011, 342p
39. Center for Global Development, 2006, 201p
40. Cambridge University Press, June 2011, 368p
41. W.W. Norton, Feb 2011; GFB.org Book of the Month, Feb 2011
42. Public Affairs, April 2009, 400p
43. Cambridge University Press, Jan 2007, 712p
44. OECD, Sept 2008, 213p
45. OECD, Sept 2009, 305p
46. Cambridge University Press, April 2011, 260p
47. MIT Press, Oct 2011, 376p
48. MIT Press, Sept 2010, 232p
49. Cambridge University Press, April 2011, 392p
50. Brookings Institution Press, revised edition, Sept 2011, 144p
51. Westview Press, 5th edition, Jan 2010, 384p
52. Westview Press, 4th edition, Jan 2010, 384p
53. UNU Press, Nov 2010, 340p
54. Harvard University Press, Jan 2010, 330p
55. New York University Press, March 2010, 352p
56. Earthscan, May 2011, 360p; http://www.transparency.org/publications
57. Brookings, March 2009, 360p
58. Stanford University Press, March 2010, 312p
59. Council on Foreign Relations, Sept 2011, 48p
60. National Academies Press, Sept 2009, 178p
61. Transaction, Dec 2010, 306p
62. Council on Foreign Relations, March 2010, 68p
63. Routledge, April 2010, 240p
64. IPI/Rienner, 2010, 333p
65. Cambridge University Press, March 2011, 248p
66. Rienner, 2009, 215p
67. Brookings, Aug 2009, 375p
68. Council on Foreign Relations, Sept 2010, 56p
69. MIT Press, Oct 2010, 280p


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